Imashini ebyiri zo gusarura ibishyimbo

Inzira yose yagusarura ibishyimboigabanijwemo ibyiciro bibiri byingenzi: icyiciro cya mbere nicyiciro cya kabiri.Icyiciro cya mbere gikoresha gucukura, gukuramo ubutaka, no gukora ibikorwa byo gutoragura ibishyimbo., gusukura no gukusanya imbuto.Ubusanzwe gusarura ibyiciro bibiri byibishyimbo bisaba ubwoko bubiri bwimashini: umusaruzi wibishyimbo hamwe nuwusarura.Ubu buryo bukoreshwa naimashini zisarura ibishyimbomuri Amerika.

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(1) Icyiciro cya mbere

Umusaruzi wibishyimbo akoreshwa na romoruki enye, akuzuzaimashini zisarura ibishyimbogukora icyarimwe binyuze muburyo bwo gutandukanya ingemwe, gucukura, kumena ubutaka, kunyeganyeza ubutaka no gutera.

Ibisarurwa bya 4H-2 bigizwe nibisarurwa ni ubwoko bushya bwumusaruzi wibishyimbo bihujwe nubuhinzi bwibishyimbo byinshi.Iyi mashini ifite icyerekezo cyiza cyo kuzamura umusaruro mubikorwa byubu, kandi igizwe ahanini na kadamu, sisitemu yo gukwirakwiza amashanyarazi, gusarura igice cya disiki, gusarura igice, kumena firime, kugabanya ubujyakuzimu no guhagarika ibikoresho.

Ibyingenzi byingenzi bya tekiniki: imbaraga zunganira ni 8.8 ~ 13kW traktor ntoya;umusaruro ni 1000-1400㎡ / isaha (imirongo ibiri yakusanyirijwe icyarimwe);igipimo cyigihombo kiri munsi cyangwa kingana na 1%;ubutaka burimo ibishyimbo (bibarwa na misa) <5%;Igipimo cyo kumena pode <1.5%.

Ibyingenzi byingenzi: 1. Uburyo bwa anti-parallelogramu buringaniye buringaniye bukoreshwa muguhuza ibice byo gucukura nibice bitandukanya umusaruzi wibishyimbo.Mugihe cyo kubaga, ibishyimbo byabanje gucukurwa, hanyuma ubutaka bukanyeganyezwa kugirango bukureho ubutaka, bukamenya gucukura ibishyimbo no kuvanaho ubutaka icyarimwe..2. Igikoresho cyo kumena disiki ya disiki kirakoreshwa, ntigitandukanya gusa imirongo ibiri yumuzabibu wibishyimbo mbere yo gucukura ibishyimbo, ariko kandi ikata firime ya plastike, kugirango firime ya plastike ifatanye numuzabibu wibishyimbo, hanyuma imizabibu yegeranijwe. mugihe cyo gusarura, kandi nta bisigara biri mubutaka.membrane.3. Iyobowe na antiparallelogramme kugirango igere ku mpande zingana zingana mu buryo bunyuranye, ku buryo imbaraga zegeranye zitwarwa n'ikadiri ziringaniza, kandi igice gikora neza.4. Ibice byo gusarura bigenda byihuta, kurwanya akazi ni bito, kandi ingufu zikoreshwa ziragabanuka.

(2) Icyiciro cya kabiri

Ibihingwa by'ibishyimbo hejuru biratoragurwa, bigatorwa, bigasukurwa kandi bigakusanywa n'imashini yo gutoragura no gusarura, cyangwa intoki zigatorwa zikagaburirwa, kandi imashini itora ibishyimbo irangiza imirimo yo gutoragura, gusukura no kwegeranya imbuto.

Imashini itoragura ibishyimbo igizwe ahanini nurwego, uruziga rusohora ibyatsi, umuzingo wo gutoranya imbuto, ecran ya conge, umuyaga usukura, umukandara wa convoyeur hamwe nicyapa cyo guhinduranya abafana.Imashini zimwe zitoragura imbuto zifite ibiziga bigenda, bikwiranye na mobile.Imashini igomba gutorwa no kugaburirwa intoki, hanyuma imashini itora ibishyimbo ikarangiza ibikorwa byo gutoragura, gusukura no kwegeranya imbuto.

Urutonde rwa Liston 1580 no gutoragura ibishyimbo kandiimashini yo gusaruramuri Reta zunzubumwe zamerika itwarwa na traktori ya kilowatt 50-60 kandi ikoreshwa numuriro wo gufata amashanyarazi.Iyo ikora, irashobora gutora, gutora, gusukura no kwegeranya ibihingwa byibishyimbo bikwirakwijwe hasi.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Werurwe-09-2022